Design and Implementation of an Optimized Artificial Human Eardrum Model


This paper introduces a fractional-order eardrum Type-II model, which is derived using fractional calculus to reduce the number of elements compared to its integer-order counterpart. The proposed fractional-order model parameters are extracted and compared using five meta-heuristic optimization techniques. The CMOS implementation of the model is performed using the Design Kit of the Austria Mikro Systeme (AMS) 0.35 ? m CMOS process, while the simulations have been performed using the Cadence IC design suite. © 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


Bertsias P., Mohsen M., Said L.A., Elwakil A.S., Psychalinos C., Radwan A.G.


CMOS analog integrated circuits; Ear model; Eardrum; Fractional calculus; Fractional-order circuit; Meta-heuristic optimization

Document Type



Circuits, Systems, and Signal Processing, Vol. 39, PP. 3219 to 3233, Doi: 10.1007/s00034-019-01308-6

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